castles

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Carlisle Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Carlisle Castle is situated in Carlisle, in the English county of Cumbria, near the ruins of Hadrian's Wall. The castle is over 900 years old and has been the scene of many historical episodes in British history. Given the proximity of Carlisle to the border between England and Scotland, it has been the centre of many wars and invasions. Today the castle is managed by English Heritage and is [...]

By | 2017-12-17T13:41:33+00:00 December 17th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Warkworth Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Warkworth Castle and Hermitage form one of the most unusual pairs of medieval monuments in Britain. The castle was probably laid out in its present form in about 1200 and was the favoured residence of the powerful Percy family from the 14th to the 17th centuries. As the Earls (and later Dukes) of Northumberland, they were among the greatest landowners in northern England. Nearby, on the banks of the [...]

By | 2017-12-13T10:41:00+00:00 December 13th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Lincoln Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Strategically sited on high ground overlooking the River Witham, Lincoln was originally established by the Romans as a Legionary Fortress and later it was converted into a colony for veterans. Following the Norman Conquest, the earlier defences were adapted into Lincoln Castle and Town Walls. Key battles were fought in the vicinity during the Anarchy and the First Barons' Wars. The Romans Sited on top of a steep escarpment [...]

By | 2017-12-11T09:15:09+00:00 December 11th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Alhambra de Granada Spain: Fortification in Spain

Rising above the modern lower town, the Alhambra and the Albaycín, situated on two adjacent hills, form the medieval part of Granada Spain. To the east of the Alhambra, Granada Spain fortress and residence are the magnificent gardens of the Generalife, the former rural residence of the emirs who ruled this part of Spain in the 13th and 14th centuries. The residential district of the Albaycín is a rich [...]

By | 2017-12-10T12:46:23+00:00 December 10th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Festung Hohensalzburg Castle in Austria

Festung Hohensalzburg Castle (German: Festung Hohensalzburg, literally "High Salzburg Fortress") sits atop the Festungsberg, a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg. Erected at the behest of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg with a length of 250 m (820 ft) and a width of 150 m (490 ft), it is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe. Festung Hohensalzburg Castle is situated at an altitude of 506 m. Early [...]

By | 2017-12-08T01:00:31+00:00 December 8th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Lauriston Castle: Medieval Forification in Edinburgh

Lauriston Castle is a 16th-century tower house with 19th-century extensions overlooking the Firth of Forth, in Edinburgh, Scotland. It lies on Cramond Road South, between Cramond, Davidson's Mains, and Silverknowes. The substantial grounds, Lauriston Castle Gardens, operate as a local park. The castle was bequeathed to the Edinburgh Corporation (post 1973 known as Edinburgh City Council) and hosts The Lord Provosts annual Garden Party. History A Lauriston Castle stood [...]

By | 2017-12-03T18:09:19+00:00 December 3rd, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Berkeley Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Berkeley Castle's main claim to fame rests on its role as the final prison for King Edward II. It was here, in a small, squalid room just off the main entrance to the castle, that the unfortunate Edward was cruelly murdered by his captors in 1327. Lord Berkeley, owner of the castle and Edward's official gaoler, had a convenient alibi for the time of the murder, but it beggars [...]

By | 2017-12-01T17:23:44+00:00 December 1st, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Moorish Castle: Medieval Fortification in Portugal

The origins of the castle date back to the 8th century and invasion of the Muslim Moors from North Africa. The position of the Castelo dos Mouros was selected as it provided a suitable vantage point over the River Tagus and offered protection to the town of Sintra. Arab chronicles detailed that the Sintra region was very rich in cultivated fields and the Castelo dos Mouros was one of [...]

By | 2017-11-29T14:08:33+00:00 November 29th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , |0 Comments

Castel del Monte: 13th-Century Citadel in Italy

When the Emperor Frederick II built this castle near Bari in the 13th century, he imbued it with symbolic significance, as reflected in the location, the mathematical and astronomical precision of the layout and the perfectly regular shape. A unique piece of medieval military architecture, Castel del Monte is a successful blend of elements from classical antiquity, the Islamic Orient, and north European Cistercian Gothic. Brief synthesis Castel del [...]

By | 2017-11-23T07:16:05+00:00 November 23rd, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg: Fortification in France

Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg is a castle situated on a hilltop near Kintzheim and just west of Sélestat in Alsace (in the commune of Orschwiller). The castle is one of the most visited sites in Alsace, and in France, both for the castle itself and the far-reaching views. History of Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg It was as early as the 12th century that a castle first stood here because the [...]

By | 2017-11-21T07:09:46+00:00 November 21st, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

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