Ancient Greece

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Aristotle: Ancient Greek Philosopher and Scientist

Aristotle of Stagira was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic, scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge and was known, in his time, as "the man who knew everything", and, later, as "The Philosopher". In the European Middle Ages, he is referred to as "The Master" in Dante's Inferno. All of these epithets are apt in that Aristotle wrote on, and was considered a master in, disciplines [...]

By | 2017-10-30T01:50:40+00:00 July 30th, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times, Public Figures|Tags: , |0 Comments

Phidias: Greek Sculptor and Architect

Phidias, also spelled Pheidias (flourished c. 490–430 bc), an Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural decoration. It is said of Phidias that he alone had seen the exact image of the gods and that he revealed it to man. He established forever general conceptions of Zeus and Athena. Little [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:15:15+00:00 March 3rd, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , |0 Comments

The Battle of Leuctra: The Thebans Defeated the Spartans 371 B.C.

The Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE gave Thebes a decisive victory over Sparta and established Thebes as the most powerful city-state in Greece. The victory was achieved through the daring and brilliant pre-meditated tactics of the Theban general Epaminondas who smashed the Spartan hoplites and put to rest the myth of invincibility that Sparta had enjoyed for centuries. The exact details of the battle of Leuctra, which took [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:17:31+00:00 March 2nd, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Battle of Mantinea: Athenians and Spartans Defeated the Thebans (362 BC)

The Second Battle of Mantinea was fought on July 4, 362 BC between the Thebans, led by Epaminondas and supported by the Arcadians and the Boeotian league against the Spartans, led by King Agesilaus II and supported by the Eleans, Athenians, and Mantineans. The battle was to determine which of the two alliances would have hegemony over Greece. However, the death of Epaminondas and his intended successors coupled with [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:21:01+00:00 March 2nd, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Peloponnesian War: Athens and Sparta in The Battle of Tanagra 457 BC

The Battle of Tanagra took place in 457 BC between Athens and Sparta during the First Peloponnesian War. Although it had won a hegemony over the Greek city-states from its leadership in the Persian Wars, the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League feared the growing power of the Athenian empire and worsened relations by repeated diplomatic affronts and demands. Background Wanting to deny any future Persian invasion a base from which to [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:19:21+00:00 March 1st, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

Siege of Syracuse: Destruction of Athenian Army 414-413 BC

Siege of Syracuse (414-413): one of the most important campaigns during the Peloponnesian War. A well-equipped Athenian army blundered into disaster, was annihilated, and left its country almost defenseless against Spartan attacks. It is tempting to see the Sicilian Expedition as an act of hubris by an arrogant, imperial power. This is, at least, how it appears in our main source, the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides. [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:21:26+00:00 March 1st, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Seven Wonders of the World: The Temple of Artemis

1100 A.D.: A troop of Crusaders stops at a muddy little village in Asia Minor. Their leader looks around. Confused he dismounts. This place is not what he expected. He read the ancient texts that this was a large seaport with many ships docked in its bay. It isn't. The sea is almost three miles away. The village is located in a swamp. There are no ships to be [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:25:51+00:00 February 26th, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times, Constructions|Tags: , |0 Comments

Seven Wonders of The World: Statue of Zeus at Olympia

In ancient times one of the Greeks most important festivals, the Olympic Games, was held every four years in honor of the King of their gods, Zeus. Like our modern Olympics, athletes traveled from distant lands, including Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Sicily, to compete. The Olympics were first started in 776 B.C. and held at a shrine to Zeus located on the western coast of Greece in a [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:31:59+00:00 February 23rd, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Lycurgus: Lawgiver of Sparta (700BC)

The jump from the rule of man (kings) to the rule of law was greatly facilitated by the innovations of Lycurgus in Sparta, Greece, circa 700BC. Although severe in all respects, his very successful model of government equated all Spartan citizens as equal and gave them a voice in government, and at the same time, gave a great boost to the progress of democracy up the ladder of time. [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:32:54+00:00 February 23rd, 2017|Categories: Public Figures|Tags: , |0 Comments

The Oldest Computer in the World: The Antikythera Mechanism

The oldest computer in the world which continues to fascinate the scientists. Greece has been named the cradle of the western civilization. Various significant discoveries throughout the past centuries have confirmed this fact. A great discovery in 1901, near the island of Antikythera, brought to light a bunch of attractive artefacts. Among the archaeological objects of different purpose which have been discovered, a particular mechanism with dials and gears [...]

By | 2017-12-14T20:31:12+00:00 February 3rd, 2017|Categories: Discoveries, Historical Events|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

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